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Triglyceride

Definition

noun, plural: triglycerides

An energy-rich compound made up of a single molecule of glycerol and three molecules of fatty acid, and serves as a major component of animal and plant oils and fats


Supplement

Triglycerides are present in both plants and animals. Triglycerides in plants are typically found in plant cell membrane where the fatty acids are mostly unsaturated. In animals, the fatty acid component is largely saturated.

Animal triglycerides are important energy source and present in adipose tissues, bloodstream, and heart muscle. Together with proteins, they give rise to high and low density lipoproteins.

Triglycerides are clinically measured and monitored. It is because an increased level of triglycerides is correlated to an increased risk to atherosclerosis, hypertension, diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.


Word origin: tri- (three) + glyceride

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Why ?

amino acids cannot be stored as the nitrogen is toxic.They must be deaminated and excreted as urea. Glycogen and triglyceride are storage of energy.

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by mavis
Thu Feb 21, 2013 5:32 am
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: Why ?
Replies: 5
Views: 2190

Beta Oxidation/Triglyceride ATP production question

Hey guys, whats up? Have a question regarding this topic. "How many more ATP per gram will you get from the triglyceride shown below than you would from glucose?" http://s3.amazonaws.com/answer-board-image/c44604e7-2231-4d43-94e0-b7e53b1bff83.gif The triglyceride ...

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by AC24
Fri Dec 03, 2010 5:34 am
 
Forum: Botany Discussion
Topic: Beta Oxidation/Triglyceride ATP production question
Replies: 1
Views: 13572

Re: Phospholipid

That diagram was so confusing! The triglyceride is an ester so is the reaction substiution. So lets say we had a triglyceride and phosphoric acid, we would get a phospholipid + ? Or in this situation would we just get the original fatty acid

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by jsmith613
Mon Nov 08, 2010 10:33 am
 
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Phospholipid
Replies: 7
Views: 7749

Phospholipid

a phospholipid is produced when a triglyceride reacts with a phosphate group, eliminating a fatty acid and a phosphate group replaces the fatty acids position. If we look at this from a chemistry point of view, what would the word reaction ...

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by jsmith613
Sun Nov 07, 2010 10:58 pm
 
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Phospholipid
Replies: 7
Views: 7749

Re: Converting Glucose to Fat or ATP?

... body's energy needs (and after saturation of glycogen stores) the acetyl CoA can be used for fatty acid synthesis (in the liver) and storage as triglyceride in adipose tissue." Is that the answer?

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by Mithril
Sat Dec 13, 2008 10:58 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Converting Glucose to Fat or ATP?
Replies: 13
Views: 29911
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