noun, plural: topologies
(Study or analysis of) Configuration of parts or elements
Topology is used in various scientific fields. Thus, it may be perceived differently depending on the way a field applies it.
In anatomy, topology refers to the topological approach in studying anatomy, i.e. studying based on anatomic regions and the relations between the structures, and is referred to as topographic anatomy.
In ecology, topology is the study of patterns of interconnections in a network system, and specifically called ecological topology.