Dictionary » S » Synthesis



noun, plural: syntheses

(1) (biochemistry) The production of an organic compound in a living thing, especially as aided by enzymes

(2) (chemistry) The act or process of forming a complex substance by combining or integrating two or more chemical entities, especially through a chemical reaction

(3) (psychiatry) The integration of different elements of the personality, in opposition to analysis

Word origin: Latin synthesis, from Ancient Greek synthesis (a putting together)

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Re: Why is ATP rather than GTP, CTP or TTP the energy currency?

The above reply is very interesting, thank you! I have wondered for a while what drives protein synthesis forward in terms of energy, and why don't ribosomes also catalyse the reverse reaction of peptide formation, now I guess it's due to the GTP hydrolysis? But I also ...

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by Maus
Tue Feb 03, 2015 6:46 pm
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Why is ATP rather than GTP, CTP or TTP the energy currency?
Replies: 6
Views: 9443

I have got some BIG issues! forgive the long post

... the A and B transferases encoded by the functional alleles (A and B alleles) of a single gene at the ABO locus, catalyze the last step of the synthesis, while the protein coded by the O allele is non-functional; therefore, the acceptor substrate, (H antigen) remains without a further modification. ...

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by saddy51
Sun Jan 04, 2015 10:39 am
Forum: Genetics
Topic: I have got some BIG issues! forgive the long post
Replies: 1
Views: 1705

holographic origin of life

... the energy coming from the reactions of life back then (eg. Heat), or a way to measure how complexity dependent products changed (eg atmospheric synthesis) we must have seen hyperbolic-like changes. On the contrary, if the mainstream view is correct and life originated somewhere locally and then ...

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by minasole
Thu Jan 01, 2015 9:02 am
Forum: Evolution
Topic: holographic origin of life
Replies: 15
Views: 27093

Exp. antisense treatment for Pompe disease

... a nice preclinical report of antisense as a potential therapeutic. Antisense Oligonucleotide-mediated Suppression of Muscle Glycogen Synthase 1 Synthesis as an Approach for Substrate Reduction Therapy of Pompe Disease. Clayton NP, Nelson CA, Weeden T, Taylor KM, Moreland RJ, Scheule RK, Phillips ...

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by jonmoulton
Wed Oct 29, 2014 3:58 pm
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Exp. antisense treatment for Pompe disease
Replies: 0
Views: 484

translation from DNA

... (there can be thousands copies of each mRNA, each giving rise to hundreds of protein molecules), also, during replication of DNA the protein synthesis would have to be shut down and there could be other reasons. But as said, it's always difficult to answer the Why-questions because there ...

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by JackBean
Tue Sep 30, 2014 8:16 am
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: translation from DNA
Replies: 5
Views: 5189
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