A kingdom in southern africa, west of mozambique. Its capital is mbabane. The area was settled by the swazi branch of the zulu nation in the early 1880's, with its independence guaranteed by the british and transvaal governments in 1881 and 1884. With limited self-government introduced in 1962, it became independent in 1968. Swazi is the zulu name for the people who call themselves swati, from mswati, the name of a 16th century king, from a word meaning stick or rod.