# Sum

**Sum**

1. The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; as, the **sum** of 5 and 7 is 12. *Take ye the sum of all the congregation.* (Num. I. 2)

**sum** is now commonly applied to an aggregate of numbers, and number to an aggregate of persons or things.

2. A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely; as, a **sum** of money; a small **sum**, or a large **sum**. *The sum of forty pound.*

*With a great*(acts xxii. 28)

**sum**obtained i this freedom.3. The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the **sum** of all the evidence in the case; this is the **sum** and substance of his objections.

4. height; completion; utmost degree. *Thus have i told thee all my state, and brought My story to the sum of earthly bliss.* (milton)

5. (Science: mathematics) A problem to be solved, or an example to be wrought out. *A sum in arithmetic wherein a flaw discovered at a particular point is ipso facto fatal to the whole.* (Gladstone)

*A large sheet of paper . . . Covered with long sums.*(Dickens) Algebraic

**sum**, as distinguished from arithmetical

**sum**, the aggregate of two or more numbers or quantities taken with regard to their signs, as _ or -, according to the rules of addition in algebra; thus, the algebraic

**sum**of -2, 8, and -1 is 5. In

**sum**, in short; in brief.

*In*be4 duct, and forbids every sin.

**sum**, the gospel . . . Prescribes every virtue to our conOrigin: oe. Summe, somme, OF. Sume, some, f. Somme, L. Summa, fr. Summus highest, a superlative from sub under. See sub-, and cf. Supreme.

1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain the totality of; usually with up. *The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.* (bacon)

2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense; usually with up. '**Go to the ant, thou sluggard, in few words sums up the moral of this fable. (L'Estrange) He sums their virtues in himself alone. (Dryden)**

3. (Science: veterinary) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish with complete, or full-grown, plumage. *But feathered soon and fledge They summed their pens [wings]* (milton) Summing up, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a resume; a summary.

Synonym: To cast up, collect, comprise, condense, comprehend, compute.