2. Specifically: One who is under the authority of a ruler and is governed by his laws; one who owes allegiance to a sovereign or a sovereign state; as, a subject of queen victoria; a British subject; a subject of the united States. Was never subject longed to be a king, As I do long and wish to be a subject. (Shak) The subject must obey his prince, because god commands it, human laws require it. (swift)
4. That which is brought under thought or examination; that which is taken up for discussion, or concerning which anything is said or done. This subject for heroic song. Make choice of a subject, beautiful and noble, which . . . Shall afford an ample field of matter wherein to expatiate. (Dryden) The unhappy subject of these quarrels. (Shak)
6. That of which anything is affirmed or predicated; the theme of a proposition or discourse; that which is spoken of; as, the nominative case is the subject of the verb. The subject of a proposition is that concerning which anything is affirmed or denied. (I. Watts)
7. That in which any quality, attribute, or relation, wh c88 ether spiritual or material, inheres, or to which any of these appertain; substance; substratum. That which manifests its qualities in other words, that in which the appearing causes inhere, that to which they belong is called their subject or substance, or substratum. (Sir W. Hamilton)
8. Hence, that substance or being which is conscious of its own operations; the mind; the thinking agent or principal; the ego. Cf. Object. The philosophers of mind have, in a manner, usurped and appropriated this expression to themselves. Accordingly, in their hands, the phrases conscious or thinking subject, and subject, mean precisely the same thing. (Sir W. Hamilton)
Origin: From L. Subjectus, through an old form of F. Sujet. See Subject.