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Stem cell

Definition

noun, plural: stem cells

(1) An unspecialized cell characterized by the ability to self-renew by mitosis while in undifferentiated state, and the capacity to give rise to various differentiated cell types by cell differentiation.

(2) A cell that has not yet acquired a special function.


Supplement

Stem cells give rise to various cells when they acquire special function through a process called cellular differentiation. They are found in fetuses, embryos, and certain adult tissues. In a developing embryo, stem cells may differentiate into all of the specialized embryonic tissues. In adult organisms, stem cells act as a repair system replacing tissues damaged by disease or injury. They also maintain the normal turnover of regenerative organs such as blood, skin, and intestinal tissues.

Stem cells, such as embryonic stem cells, can now be grown in vitro for use in research or in medicine, although, their use remains controversial.


Related phrases: embryonic stem cells, autologous embryonic stem cells.
Synonym: progenitor cells.
Compare: differentiated cell, specialized cell.
See also: potency, cell differentiation.


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Re: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components

... never the case). Rather I am saying that for a particular protein in my stem cell at least, the amount of that particular protein is the average of the gene expression ...

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by caters
Fri Aug 01, 2014 1:42 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components
Replies: 2
Views: 2339

Stem Cells and Cell division?

Hello, I am well aware of the concepts of Stem Cells (Cell specialization) and Cell Division (Mitosis), however I am unsure of where their applications ...

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by CaptainCovalency
Thu Jul 10, 2014 3:54 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Stem Cells and Cell division?
Replies: 0
Views: 318

Re: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components

A1: good luck, even Venter haven't managed that yet. A3: and how will you get the protein? Are you really sure that the stemm cells contain all protein in the same amount? A4: amplicon is the result of PCR. You need some template though, in your case probably the DNA.

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by JackBean
Tue May 13, 2014 5:04 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components
Replies: 2
Views: 2339

What are potential project titles regarding stem cells?

What are potential project titles regarding stem cells? one that has contradictions between scientists? for example neural stem cell therapy for Alzheimer's ...

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by revision
Thu Feb 20, 2014 1:40 am
 
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: What are potential project titles regarding stem cells?
Replies: 1
Views: 544

Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components

Q1 I am wanting to make an animal cell from DNA, RNA, Protein, and Fatty Acids as well as Glucose and other sugars. ... Look up the proteins Make sure I have human selected(since I am making a human stem cell) Average the mRNA expression to get stem cell mRNA expression Multiply by ...

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by caters
Sun Feb 02, 2014 10:58 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components
Replies: 2
Views: 2339
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