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Sponge

Sponge

1. (Science: zoology) Any one of numerous species of spongiae, or porifera.

2. The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny spongiae (keratosa), used for many purposes, especially the varieties of the genus spongia. The most valuable sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the red sea, and on the coasts of Florida and the west indies.

3. One who lives upon others; a pertinaceous and indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.

4. Any spongelike substance. Specifically: Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the agency of the yeast or leaven.

iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.

iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.

5. A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped nap, and having a handle, or staff.

6. (Science: veterinary) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering to the heel. Bath sponge, any one of several varieties of coarse commercial sponges, especially spongia equina. Cup sponge, a toilet sponge growing in a cup-shaped form. Glass sponge. See glass-sponge, in the vocabulary. Glove sponge, a variety of commercial sponge (spongia officinalis, variety tubulufera), having very fine fibres, native of Florida, and the west indies. Grass sponge, any one of several varieties of coarse commercial sponges having the surface irregularly tufted, as spongia graminea, and s. Equina, variety cerebriformis, of Florida and the west indies. Horse sponge, a coarse commercial sponge, especially spongia equina. Platinum sponge.

(Science: chemistry) A metallic lead brought to a spongy form by reduction of lead salts, or by compressing finely divided lead; used in secondary batteries and otherwise.

(Science: botany) sponge tree see loof. Velvet sponge, a fine, soft commercial sponge (spongia equina, variety meandriniformis) found in Florida and the west indies. Vitreous sponge. See glass-sponge. Yellow sponge, a common and valuable commercial sponge (spongia agaricina, variety corlosia) found in Florida and the west indies.

Origin: OF. Esponge, f. Eponge, L. Spongia, gr, . Cf. Fungus, spunk.


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Re: Why must we avert the genome of Eden?

... background information through trusted articles, for example: http://www.nri.ucsb.edu/news/2012/clues-nervous-system-evolution-found-nerve-less-sponge I always go on MyWot to read the comments about a website before I post its links as sources. Dot edu sources are generally good. http://www.mywot.com/en/scorecard/ucsb.edu ...

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by wildfunguy
Fri Oct 04, 2013 7:49 pm
 
Forum: Evolution
Topic: Why must we avert the genome of Eden?
Replies: 6
Views: 7516

Why must we avert the genome of Eden?

... one should reasonably expect to see this accumulation, given the Darwinian framework. ) A compelling starting point could be the genome of a sponge. This creature is one of the most simple multicellular organisms. However, the content of the genome of Amphimedon queenslandica - a marine sponge ...

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by Hunor
Mon Sep 23, 2013 12:08 am
 
Forum: Evolution
Topic: Why must we avert the genome of Eden?
Replies: 6
Views: 7516

Re: Odd food poisoning-like symptoms, strange tastes

... not had a problem with it since. It is something you ingest, It will not hurt you and it will soak up anything that is causing problems like a sponge. It is rather inexpensive. I used to go to the doctor all the time about this and after much research this was the only thing that has helped. ...

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by cdefoor
Sat Dec 22, 2012 4:19 am
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: Odd food poisoning-like symptoms, strange tastes
Replies: 34
Views: 98304

Re: Sound and how the brain reacts to it

... not the only one. It's a nice thing, but at the same time I also think it can be a burden. Like I said, a lot of my teachers had soothing "sponge cake like" voices that caused me to zone out and not absorb what they were saying

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by alycat32
Sat May 26, 2012 11:45 pm
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: Sound and how the brain reacts to it
Replies: 89
Views: 142287

Sponges

Why are sponges considered animals? The colony-like properties have proven, through experimentation, that each individual sponge cell is able to function and survive independently. They are multicellular. The teacher said I need ...

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by hannahzarzar
Tue Jun 14, 2011 10:04 pm
 
Forum: Ecology
Topic: Sponges
Replies: 1
Views: 1514
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