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Somatic cells

Definition

noun, singular: somatic cell

The word “somatic” is derived from the Greek word soma, meaning “body”. Hence, all body cells of an organism – apart from the sperm and egg cells, the cells from which they arise (gametocytes) and undifferentiated stem cells – are somatic cells.


Supplement

Examples of somatic cells are cells of internal organs, skin, bones, blood and connective tissues. In comparison, the somatic cells contain a full set of chromosomes whereas the reproductive cells contain only half.


Word origin: Gk sōmatikós of = pertaining to the body.
Synonym: body cells.
Compare: sex cells.


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Stem Cells and Cell division?

... of years latter, not only humans, but animals as well don't need somatic stem cells any longer. We will see. :wink:

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by CandyTon
Fri Feb 06, 2015 2:54 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Stem Cells and Cell division?
Replies: 6
Views: 5380

Do hESC actively produce telomerase?

... lengths than hESC. I understand this is due to hIPS coming from adult somatic cells but apparently hIPS don't naturally create telomerase, is this true? And do hESC produce ...

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by oxi
Tue Feb 03, 2015 1:51 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Do hESC actively produce telomerase?
Replies: 2
Views: 450

An Overview of Embryonic Stem Cells

About 20 years ago,Murine embryonic stem cells(ES) were first discovered and since then ES have been shown to contribute to ... state while still conserve the capacity to differentiate to all mature somatic phenotypes. The initial isolation of murine ES cell lines in 1981 contributed ...

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by 2444256703
Thu Jan 29, 2015 6:48 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: An Overview of Embryonic Stem Cells
Replies: 0
Views: 554

Stem Cells and Cell division?

Hello, I am well aware of the concepts of Stem Cells (Cell specialization) and Cell Division (Mitosis), however I am unsure of ... must occur in order for all our vitals and tissues to be formed). However, somatic (Adult tissue) stem cells I am unsure of. My question is, is that if our ...

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by CaptainCovalency
Thu Jul 10, 2014 3:54 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Stem Cells and Cell division?
Replies: 6
Views: 5380

Cell and Molecular Revision Question Help!!! (2)

... human genome consists of protein-coding sequences (exons). A diploid somatic human cell contains 5 picograms/pg of DNA and rapidly growing E.coli cells contain on average four genomes giving a total of 0.017pg of DNA. Assuming that the sequences ...

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by Didact1
Mon Sep 30, 2013 11:35 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Cell and Molecular Revision Question Help!!! (2)
Replies: 0
Views: 2521
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