Simian malaria

simian malaria

plasmodial infection of monkeys and apes, as with human malaria, transmitted chiefly by anopheline mosquitoes; a number of plasmodium species are responsible, with Southeast asia and Africa being the apparent centres of evolution; among the 20 plasmodial agents described from nonhuman primates, some resemble and induce a malarial infection similar to those caused by the four species of Plasmodium from humans, from which the agents of human malaria appear to be derived.

Synonym: monkey malaria.

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