Shell

shell

1. A hard outside covering, as of a fruit or an animal. Specifically: The covering, or outside part, of a nut; as, a hazelnut shell.

A pod.

The hard covering of an egg. Think him as a serpent's egg, . . . And kill him in the shell.

(Science: mathematics) (Shak) Hence, by extension, any mollusks having such a covering.

2. A hollow projectile, of various shapes, adapted for a mortar or a cannon, and containing an explosive substance, ignited with a fuse or by percussion, by means of which the projectile is burst and its fragments scattered. See bomb.

3. The case which holds the powder, or charge of powder and shot, used with breechloading small arms.

4. Any slight hollow structure; a framework, or exterior structure, regarded as not complete or filled in; as, the shell of a house.

5. A coarse kind of coffin; also, a thin interior coffin inclosed in a more substantial one.

6. An instrument of music, as a lyre, the first lyre having been made, it is said, by drawing strings over a tortoise shell. When Jubal struck the chorded shell. (Dryden)

7. An engraved copper roller used in print works.

8. The husks of cacao seeds, a decoction of which is often used as a substitute for chocolate, cocoa, etc.

9. The outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve.

10. A light boat the frame of which is covered with thin wood or with paper; as, a racing shell. Message shell, a bombshell inside of which papers may be put, in order to convey messages. Shell bit, a tool shaped like a gouge, used with a brace in boring wood. See Bit. Shell button. A button made of shell. A hollow button made of two pieces, as of metal, one for the front and the other for the back, often covered with cloth, silk, etc. Shell cameo, a cameo cut in shell instead of stone. Shell flower.

(Science: botany) A kind of marl characterised by an abundance of shells, or fragments of shells. Shell meat, food consisting of shellfish, or testaceous mollusks. Shell mound. See Mound. Shell of a boiler, the exterior of a steam boiler, forming a case to contain the water and steam, often inclosing also flues and the furnace; the barrel of a cylindrical, or locomotive, boiler. Shell road, a road of which the surface or bed is made of shells, as oyster shells. Shell sand, minute fragments of shells constituting a considerable part of the seabeach in some places.

Origin: OE. Shelle, schelle, AS. Scell, scyll; akin to D. Shel, Icel. Skel, Goth. Skalja a tile, and E. Skill. Cf. Scale of fishes, Shale, Skill. The material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals.Hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles.The hard usually fibrous outer layer of some fruits especially nuts.The exterior covering of a bird's egg.The hard largely calcareous covering of a mollusc.A type of exoskeleton present on some mammals that acts as a protective casing. The definition of a shell basically means any hard surface that covers the outer surface of an organism.

Retrieved from "http://www.biology-online.org/bodict/index.php?title=Shell&oldid=4427"
First | Previous (Shelfords Law of Tolerance) | Next (Shell nail) | Last
Please contribute to this project, if you have more information about this term feel free to edit this page.