3. That which is rolled up; as, a roll of fat, of wool, paper, cloth, etc. Specifically: A document written on a piece of parchment, paper, or other materials which may be rolled up; a scroll. Busy angels spread The lasting roll, recording what we say. (prior)
Hence, an official or public document; a register; a record; also, a catalogue; a list. The rolls of Parliament, the entry of the petitions, answers, and transactions in Parliament, are extant. (Sir M. Hale) The roll and list of that army doth remain. (Sir J. Davies)
8. Part; office; duty; role. Long roll, a prolonged roll of the drums, as the signal of an attack by the enemy, and for the troops to arrange themselves in line. Master of the rolls. See Master. Roll call, the act, or the time, of calling over a list names, as among soldiers. Rolls of court, of parliament (or of any public body), the parchments or rolls on which the acts and proceedings of that body are engrossed by the proper officer, and which constitute the records of such public body. To call the roll, to call off or recite a list or roll of names of persons belonging to an organization, in order to ascertain who are present or to obtain responses from those present.
Origin: F. Role a roll (in sense 3), fr. L. Rotulus little wheel, LL, a roll, dim. Of L. Rota a wheel. See Roll, and cf. Role, Rouleau, Roulette.
5. To utter copiously, especially. With sounding words; to utter with a deep sound; often with forth, or out; as, to roll forth some one's praises; to roll out sentences. Who roll'd the psalm to wintry skies. (Tennyson)
9. (Science: geometry) To apply (one line or surface) to another without slipping; to bring all the parts of (one line or surface) into successive contact with another, in suck manner that at every instant the parts that have been in contact are equal.
10. To turn over in one's mind; to revolve. Full oft in heart he rolleth up and down The beauty of these florins new and bright. (Chaucer) To roll one's self, to wallow. To roll the eye, to direct its axis hither and thither in quick succession. To roll one's r's, to utter the letter r with a trill.
Origin: OF. Roeler, roler, F. Rouler, LL. Rotulare, fr. L. Royulus, rotula, a little wheel, dim. Of rota wheel; akin to G. Rad, and to Skr. Ratha car, chariot. Cf. Control, Roll, Rotary.