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Reservoir host

Definition

noun

A primary host that harbors the pathogen but shows no ill effects and serves as a source of infection.


Supplement

Reservoir hosts do not get the disease carried by the pathogen or it is asymptomatic and non-lethal. Once discovered, natural reservoirs elucidate the complete life cycle of infectious diseases, providing effective prevention and control.

Examples are marmots, black rats, prairie dogs, chipmunks and squirrels for bubonic plague.


Synonyms:

Compare: paratenic host


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Re: Why is knowledge on phylogeny important

... spillover" (The transmission of infectious agents from a reservoir population (for example commercial bumble bees) to a sympatric ... => Pathogen spillover seems most likely to occur when the reservoir host and potential novel host are phylogenetically close (e.g., Perlman & ...

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by Lucanus cervus
Tue Jun 05, 2012 11:45 pm
 
Forum: Evolution
Topic: Why is knowledge on phylogeny important
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Views: 7876

The Fiber Disease

... R. seeberi has not been detected in the environment, and its natural host or reservoir is unknown. Attempts to propagate this organism on artificial media have failed, ...

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by al
Mon Dec 25, 2006 1:39 am
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: The Fiber Disease
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Views: 5478038

The Fiber Disease

... Some retroviruses jump into and out of the chromosomal DNA of the host germline, so that they oscillate between being inherited Mendelian traits ... Are animal microbes a threat as biological weapons? Will the vast reservoir of immunodeficient hosts due to the HIV pandemic provide conditions ...

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by London
Fri Oct 13, 2006 7:22 pm
 
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Topic: The Fiber Disease
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Cure for AIDS

... follicular dendritic cells that can become infected and provide a reservoir for continuing infection of CD4+ T-lymphocytes. HIV can also be ... it must use its reverse transcriptase enzyme to transcribe its RNA to host cell proviral DNA. It is this proviral DNA that directs the cell to ...

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by victor
Thu Jan 19, 2006 2:11 pm
 
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Cure for AIDS
Replies: 50
Views: 26768

vaccination

... the possibility of eradication of smallpox, polio and measles is the host specificity of the virus. Since human beings are the only reservoir, the vaccination of humans is sufficient to oeradicate the virus. But for most of ...

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by canalon
Thu Feb 03, 2005 2:52 pm
 
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: vaccination
Replies: 9
Views: 11051


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