An earlier name of the Democratic party when it was opposed to the federal party. Thomas Jefferson was its great leader. One of the existing great parties. It was organised in 1856 by a combination of voters from other parties for the purpose of opposing the extension of slavery, and in 1860 it elected Abraham Lincoln president.
Origin: f. Republicain.
2. A member of the republican party.
3. (Science: ornithology) The American cliff swallow. The cliff swallows build their nests side by side, many together. A south african weaver bird (Philetaerus socius). These weaver birds build many nests together, under a large rooflike shelter, which they make of straw. Red republican. See red.