Dictionary » R » Refine



1. To reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; to free from impurities; to free from dross or alloy; to separate from extraneous matter; to purify; to defecate; as, to refine gold or silver; to refine iron; to refine wine or sugar. I will bring the third part through the fire, and will refine them as silver is refined. (Zech. Xiii. 9)

2. To purify from what is gross, coarse, vulgar, inelegant, low, and the like; to make elegant or exellent; to polish; as, to refine the manners, the language, the style, the taste, the intellect, or the moral feelings. Love refines The thoughts, and heart enlarges. (milton)

Synonym: To purify, clarify, polish, ennoble.

Origin: Pref. Re- _ fine to make fine: cf. F. Raffiner.

1. To become pure; to be cleared of feculent matter. So the pure, limpid stream, when foul with stains, works itself clear, and, as it runs, refines. (Addison)

2. To improve in accuracy, delicacy, or excellence. Chaucer refined on Boccace, and mended his stories. (Dryden) But let a lord once own the happy lines, How the wit brightens! How the style refines! (pope)

3. To affect nicety or subtilty in thought or language. He makes another paragraph about our refining in controversy.

(01 M 316 ar 1998)

Please contribute to this project, if you have more information about this term feel free to edit this page

Results from our forum


... not have evolved yet. I personally do not have any knowledge of when pili had evolved, but if someone has insight on this it would probably help refine your idea. I think the idea of viruses coming from SRMS waste is interesting. Perhaps excreted nucleic acid waste from another, engulfed SRMS ...

See entire post
by awkko808
Sun Dec 04, 2011 3:19 am
Forum: Evolution
Topic: Viral-induced evolution
Replies: 6
Views: 6594

which fruit has the most vitamin C?

... have must be high in vitamin C. But you know, you can already google it. Somehow you will be just doing a formality when you conduct your testing. Refine your methods according to its availability in your place so it will be easier for you to determine which method you would use.

See entire post
by mcar
Thu Mar 11, 2010 7:38 am
Forum: Botany Discussion
Topic: which fruit has the most vitamin C?
Replies: 16
Views: 20413

Re: chemoheterotrophic plants

Interesting question :o)) http://apps.isiknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=Refine&qid=3&SID=U2P4eCMFn@75LKc1Olo&page=1&doc=1 (Vidal-Russell R and Nickrent DL (2008) The first mistletoes: Origins of aerial parasitism in Santalales) ...

See entire post
by JackBean
Mon Jan 18, 2010 7:52 am
Forum: Botany Discussion
Topic: chemoheterotrophic plants
Replies: 3
Views: 3645

Re: Why The Religious Minded Rule Science With Science

... for it to work properly. The logical construction of this theory makes predictions as individually testable hypotheses are added which in turn refine the logical construction of the theory itself, but there are definitely four requirements only their final ordering is left in question. It's ...

See entire post
by GaryGaulin
Thu Oct 15, 2009 11:38 am
Forum: Evolution
Topic: Why The Religious Minded Rule Science With Science
Replies: 20
Views: 55993

Can influenza be used as a viral vector in gene therapy

I'm in the process of trying to write a novel and I'm currently trying to refine some of the plot devices. I'm aware that gene therapy using viral vectors typically involves adenoviruses or retroviruses and I was wondering if influenza could be used in a similar ...

See entire post
by Prometheus
Wed Oct 14, 2009 7:13 pm
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Can influenza be used as a viral vector in gene therapy
Replies: 10
Views: 5624
View all matching forum results

This page was last modified 21:16, 3 October 2005. This page has been accessed 2,692 times. 
What links here | Related changes | Permanent link