Dictionary » R » Refers



1. To carry or send back.

2. Hence: To send or direct away; to send or direct elsewhere, as for treatment, aid, infirmation, decision, etc.; to make over, or pass over, to another; as, to refer a student to an author; to refer a beggar to an officer; to refer a bill to a committee; a court refers a matter of fact to a commissioner for investigation, or refers a question of law to a superior tribunal.

3. To place in or under by a mental or rational process; to assign to, as a class, a cause, source, a motive, reason, or ground of explanation; as, he referred the phenomena to electrical disturbances. To refer one's self, to have recourse; to betake one's self; to make application; to appeal. I'll refer me to all things sense. (Shak)

Origin: F. Referer, L. Referre; pref. Re- re- _ ferre to bear. See Bear to carry.

Please contribute to this project, if you have more information about this term feel free to edit this page

Results from our forum

Re: Increase in free energy in glycolysis

Increase in free energy just refers to Gibbs free energy. That free energy comes from enthalpy (internal energy) - entropy (chaos). Also expressed as Gibbs Free Energy = Enthalpy - Entropy. The idea is that with each subsequent step of ...

See entire post
by daniel.kurz
Wed Feb 05, 2014 3:03 am
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Increase in free energy in glycolysis
Replies: 3
Views: 2438


... enough but since it can make its proteins itself, my question is why does it need ribosomal proteins??? "Protein translation" probably refers to the translation of single stranded RNA into amino acids, which is usually just referred to as "translation" in biology. This is ...

See entire post
by wildfunguy
Tue Oct 01, 2013 2:04 pm
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Living or not? (viruses,viroids and prions).
Replies: 15
Views: 11265

Concept of sexuality in plants.

Gender refers to roles in sexual reproduction. The male-female pair (there are a lot of other gender mixes, but I think advanced plants are exclusively m/f) connects to the gametes involved (the parts are secondary to that), ...

See entire post
by Darby
Thu Aug 01, 2013 3:08 pm
Forum: Botany Discussion
Topic: Concept of sexuality in plants.
Replies: 3
Views: 2305

Re: Evolution or De-evolution?

I would like to start by clarifying the terminology for this post so that everyone is on the same page… Facts: 1. Molecular evolution – refers to molecular changes over time (ex. Genetic mutations, lateral gene transfer, etc.) that have been proven to be able to affect phenotype changes (ex. ...

See entire post
by RabbitPhilosopher
Sat Jul 20, 2013 9:53 pm
Forum: Evolution
Topic: Evolution or De-evolution?
Replies: 52
Views: 43977

Re: Re:

... you are claiming. The closest thing that could have led to your misunderstanding was the bit about lactase persistence. If this is what you think refers to the appearance of a new gene, look up definitions of "allele" and "gene", then read up on allele frequencies within populations. ...

See entire post
by Cat
Sat Jul 13, 2013 12:57 am
Forum: Evolution
Topic: Is evolution as simple as we think?
Replies: 38
Views: 23093
View all matching forum results

This page was last modified 21:16, 3 October 2005. This page has been accessed 9,372 times. 
What links here | Related changes | Permanent link