Dictionary » R » Radionuclide



An isotope of artificial or natural origin that exhibits radioactivity.Radionuclides serve as agents in nuclear medicine and genetic engineering, play a role in computer imaging for diagnosis and experiment, and account for a percentage of background radiation to which humans are exposed. In cancer therapy, radionuclides that localise to certain organs (e.g., radioactive iodine or gallium), deliver cytotoxic radiation doses to tumours. Similarly, radionuclides can be yoked to monoclonal antibodies engineered to attack specific populations of cancerous cells. In positron emission tomography, glucose molecules tagged with radionuclides are injected into the bloodstream. The gamma radiation emitted by the decay of the radionuclides reveals areas of active glucose uptake and thus offers a gauge of cell metabolism and function.

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Re: Molecular gene (genome) concept scientifically untenable

... the criterion we adopt to distinguish between elements is the proton number. Both P-31 and P-32 have the same proton number, i.e., 15. When a radionuclide decays by emitting radiation, there again it changes. That is why its property changes. What you said is wrong. For example P-32 on emission ...

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by PAWahid
Sat May 12, 2012 2:29 am
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Molecular gene (genome) concept scientifically untenable
Replies: 12
Views: 38928

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