Dictionary » P » Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis

Definition

noun, plural: syntheses

(biology) The creation of proteins by cells that uses DNA, RNA and various enzymes.


Supplement

It includes processes such as:


Word origin: protein: from Late Greek prōteios, of the first quality, from Greek prōtos, first; synthesis: Latin, collection, from Greek sunthesis, from suntithenai, to put together.


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Re: Why is ATP rather than GTP, CTP or TTP the energy currency?

... is very interesting, thank you! I have wondered for a while what drives protein synthesis forward in terms of energy, and why don't ribosomes also catalyse the reverse reaction ...

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by Maus
Tue Feb 03, 2015 6:46 pm
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Why is ATP rather than GTP, CTP or TTP the energy currency?
Replies: 6
Views: 9517

I have got some BIG issues! forgive the long post

... of a single gene at the ABO locus, catalyze the last step of the synthesis, while the protein coded by the O allele is non-functional; therefore, the acceptor substrate, (H antigen) ...

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by saddy51
Sun Jan 04, 2015 10:39 am
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: I have got some BIG issues! forgive the long post
Replies: 1
Views: 1752

translation from DNA

... can be thousands copies of each mRNA, each giving rise to hundreds of protein molecules), also, during replication of DNA the protein synthesis would have to be shut down and there could be other reasons. But as said, it's always ...

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by JackBean
Tue Sep 30, 2014 8:16 am
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: translation from DNA
Replies: 5
Views: 5253

Gene Upregulation/Increased Expression in HMG-CoA Reductase

... increased gene expression will result in an increase in the protein product that a gene is coding for. Meaning that if you increased ... of HMG-COA Reductase (the rate limiting step of cholesterol synthesis) However, wouldn't you expect to see the body compensate for low ...

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by Upperninety8
Tue Sep 30, 2014 3:21 am
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Gene Upregulation/Increased Expression in HMG-CoA Reductase
Replies: 0
Views: 3142

Re: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components

I am not saying # of protein x = # of protein y(In fact this is almost never the case). Rather I am saying ... test tube with RNA polymerases, Ribosomes, and other proteins that help with protein synthesis. I then look at the structure of the protein as is and inside a cell(every single ...

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by caters
Fri Aug 01, 2014 1:42 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components
Replies: 2
Views: 6843
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