Dictionary » P » Protein synthesis

Protein synthesis

Definition

noun, plural: syntheses

(biology) The creation of proteins by cells that uses DNA, RNA and various enzymes.


Supplement

It includes processes such as:


Word origin: protein: from Late Greek prōteios, of the first quality, from Greek prōtos, first; synthesis: Latin, collection, from Greek sunthesis, from suntithenai, to put together.


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translation from DNA

... can be thousands copies of each mRNA, each giving rise to hundreds of protein molecules), also, during replication of DNA the protein synthesis would have to be shut down and there could be other reasons. But as said, it's always ...

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by JackBean
Tue Sep 30, 2014 8:16 am
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: translation from DNA
Replies: 2
Views: 214

Gene Upregulation/Increased Expression in HMG-CoA Reductase

... increased gene expression will result in an increase in the protein product that a gene is coding for. Meaning that if you increased ... of HMG-COA Reductase (the rate limiting step of cholesterol synthesis) However, wouldn't you expect to see the body compensate for low ...

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by Upperninety8
Tue Sep 30, 2014 3:21 am
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Gene Upregulation/Increased Expression in HMG-CoA Reductase
Replies: 0
Views: 45

Re: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components

I am not saying # of protein x = # of protein y(In fact this is almost never the case). Rather I am saying ... test tube with RNA polymerases, Ribosomes, and other proteins that help with protein synthesis. I then look at the structure of the protein as is and inside a cell(every single ...

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by caters
Fri Aug 01, 2014 1:42 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Totipotent Stem Cell From Molecular Components
Replies: 2
Views: 3331

Re: Why is ATP rather than GTP, CTP or TTP the energy currency?

... OF THE TIME , BUT “ NOT ALL OF THE TIME” : GTP is primarily used for Protein synthesis at the ribosomes . GTP hydrolysis is SLOW .* The extra amount of time prior to GTP ...

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by metingun2
Sun Oct 06, 2013 11:53 am
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Why is ATP rather than GTP, CTP or TTP the energy currency?
Replies: 5
Views: 6040

Protein synthesis during S phase

As far as I remember being told, only histone synthesis is active during replication. I was guessing the inactivation of all other protein synthesis had something to do with CDK/cyclin levels, some phosphorylation, or something ...

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by yuriw
Wed Sep 25, 2013 4:14 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Protein synthesis during S phase
Replies: 3
Views: 1953
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