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A small endocrine gland secreting hormones that regulate growth and metabolism, and is located at the base of the brain
The pituitary gland is regarded as the master gland of the endocrine system. It is responsible for the release of different hormones that regulate growth and metabolism.
The pituitary gland consists of three lobes: adenohypophysis (anterior), neurohypophysis (posterior), and pars intermedia.