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Phototroph

Definition

noun, plural: phototrophs

An organism, typically a plant, obtaining energy from sunlight as its source of energy to convert inorganic materials into organic materials for use in cellular functions such as biosynthesis and respiration.


Supplement

In order to capture light as source of energy, photoautotrophs carry out photosynthesis, converting energy from sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into organic materials. Photoautotrophs provide nutrition for many forms of life. They include the plants, algae and certain bacteria.


Word origin: Gk: photo = light, troph = nourishment.
Related forms: phototrophic (adjective)

Variant: photoautotroph

Compare: chemoautotroph
See also: photolitotrophic autotroph


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