Dictionary » O » Oxidize




(1) To combine with oxygen; to add oxygen; to convert into an oxide.

(2) To remove hydrogen, as by the action of oxygen, e.g. to oxidize alcohol to form aldehyde.

(3) To increase the valence of an element, e.g. by removing electrons.

(4) To become oxidized.


When a compound is oxidized the oxidation number is increased. For instance, the suffix changes from -ous to -ic, such as mercurous chloride when oxidized becomes mercuric chloride.

Variant: oxidise (British)

Related forms: oxidizes (simple present), oxidizing (present participle), oxidized (simple past and past participle).

Compare: reduce.
See also: oxidation.

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Re: Gluconeogenesis

... The [delta]G of L-Lactate to Pyruvate is 25.1, so it's energetically unfavorable. However, to turn lactate into pyruvate, all you need to do is oxidize the hydroxyl group at the C2 carbon. On the other hand, Alanine needs to be deaminated via Alanine transminase, that uses PLP as a cofactor ...

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by bytesyzechic
Wed Nov 14, 2012 11:07 pm
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Gluconeogenesis
Replies: 8
Views: 9374

Brewer's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)

... I'll be mixing grass compost and brewer's yeast (spent yeast) together and apply them to landfill to see whether they have the ability to oxidize landfill methane into carbon dioxide as methane is 25 times more potent than carbon dioxide. Hopefully this will help to reduce the greenhouse ...

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by crystal2012
Fri Feb 10, 2012 6:42 am
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Brewer's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Replies: 0
Views: 1208

Bacterias in Nitrification

Yes, I would agree with that, actually, Nitrobacter, Nitrospina, Nitrococcus and Nitrospira, all chemotrophs in fact, oxidize nitrite, so there must be others I haven't heard of. 2NO2+O2 = 2NO3

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by billyfisher100
Sat Jan 21, 2012 1:48 pm
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Bacterias in Nitrification
Replies: 1
Views: 1525

Content of Ascorbic acid in lime fruit

... other important nutrients such as vitamin A. Citrus fruits also contain citric acid and pantothenic acid, which is a B vitamin that helps to oxidize fats, carbohydrates and some amino acids.

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by Nataly56
Thu Jul 14, 2011 7:10 am
Forum: Physiology
Topic: Content of Ascorbic acid in lime fruit
Replies: 7
Views: 8741

Protons in Cellular Respiration

The protons are there all the time, the water is autohydrolyzed. And the electrons are from the molecules, which you oxidize of course.

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by JackBean
Wed May 04, 2011 9:50 am
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Protons in Cellular Respiration
Replies: 1
Views: 2898
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