1. Generally, any initial change, in response to a sudden step change in some factor, that is greater than the steady-state response to the new level of that factor; common in systems in which inertia or a time lag in negative feedback outweighs any damping that may be present. Changes in a negative direction are sometimes distinguished by the term undershoot, and the two may alternate in an oscillatory fashion, as in the transient oscillations of a pendulum when released from an initial displacement.
2. Momentary reversal of the membrane potential of a cell (inside becoming positive rather than negative relative to the outside) during an action potential; considered a form of overshoot because, before discovery of overshoot, excitation was thought merely to depolarise the membrane to zero transmembrane potential.
Results from our forum
... your BP recovers and you don't pass out every time you stand up. It is a neat little process: Stand up, BP drops, HR increases slightly, BP then overshoots a little, HR adjusts to accomodate the overshoot, then there is a little ripple dance between the two as they balance out to normal operational ...
See entire post