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Newborn jaundice

newborn jaundice

(Science: paediatrics) A normal condition of elevated bilirubin in the bloodstream of a newborn.

This occurs secondary to immaturity of liver cells (cannot effectively metabolise bilirubin) and the increased destruction of red blood cells (further releasing bilirubin into the bloodstream) that is normally seen in the newborn.

The jaundice usually appears between the 2nd and 5th days of life and usually clears by 2 weeks. Other factors which can potentiate jaundice in the newborn include: sepsis, biliary atresia, rhesus incompatibility, galactosaemia, cephalohaematoma, polycythaemia, g-6-P-D deficiency and congenital rubella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis or cytomegalovirus infection.

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erythroblastosis fetalis

... recently as 1946, erythroblastosis fetalis, or hemolytic disease of the newborn, affected between 0.5% and 1.0% of fetuses and newborns in the USA. ... in fetal organs; icterus gravis familiaris, a severe neonatal jaundice that often affected subsequent infants; and severe anemia in surviving ...

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by Dr.Stein
Tue Jul 26, 2005 11:50 am
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: erythroblastosis fetalis
Replies: 75
Views: 40020

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