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Neanderthal

Definition

noun, plural: Neanderthals

Hominid that used to live across Europe and Middle East 28,000 years ago.


Supplement

The name is derived from the place (i.e. the Neander valley in Germany) the fossilized skeletal remains were excavated in 1856. Many fossils from this hominid group have been found since.

The Neanderthals are believed to have lived concurrently with the early ancestors of modern human beings. However, their existence was cut short probably due to the extreme conditions they dealt with. Hence, they became extinct while modern human beings persisted to exist, survived and spread.

The taxonomic position of Neanderthals was obscure. Some scientists think that they are a subspecies of Homo sapiens, hence are called Homo sapiens neanderthalensis. Others believe that they are distinct species, hence are called Homo neanderthalensis.


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Out of Africa Vs. Multiregional theory

... DNA evidence has backed up the claim of African populations having very little or even no gene flow with European and Asian populations, hence no Neanderthal DNA is found in African populations. If gene flow was present you would expect there to be even if no Neanderthals inhibited Africa. So ...

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by sympallopatric
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