noun, plural: mutations
A change in or the process of changing, e.g. nature, form or quality.
(2) A mutant, or an individual exhibiting such a change.
In genetics, mutation may be small scale (affecting the nucleotide sequence of a gene) or large scale (involving a change in the chromosome). It may arise from faulty deletions, insertions, or exchanges of nucleotides in the genetic material, as caused by exposure to ultraviolet or ionizing radiation, chemical mutagens, viruses, etc. Such a change may result in the creation of a new character or trait.
Related forms: mutant (noun), mutate (verb).
User Contributions / Comments:
(~Dlee7283) Mutations introduce new traits in a population,change allele frequencies and include changes in the DNA sequences.