Liliopsida

(Redirected from Monocotyledonae)

Definition

noun

(plant taxonomy) A taxonomic class of the division Magnoliophyta comprised of lilies, grasses, palms, orchids, and other monocots


Supplement

The flowering plants (angiosperms) that make up the division Magnoliophyta may be grouped into two major plant groups: Dicotyledoneae (or Magnoliopsida) and Monocotyledonae. The Dicotyledonae includes all the dicots whereas the Monocotyledonae, or Liliopsida, includes all the monocots. According to the Cronquist system of classification of flowering plants, the monocotyledons make up the taxonomic class of Liliopsida and is comprised of 19 orders and 65 families.1

The Liliopsida consists of angiosperms that are characterized by having only one cotyledon in the seed and an endogenous manner of growth. Apart from the number of cotyledons, other identifying characteristics are as follows:


Scientific classification:

See also:


Reference(s):
1 Cronquist, A (1981). An integrated system of classification of flowering plants. New York: Columbia University Press.

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