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Monoacylglycerol

monoacylglycerol

(Science: biochemistry) glycerol with an acyl moiety esterified to position 1 (i.e., 1-monoacylglycerol) or position 2 (i.e., 2-monoacylglycerol); an intermediate in the degradation and synthesis of lipids; 2 monoacylglycerols are a major end product of triacylglycerol degradation.

Monoacylglycerol acyltransferase, an intestinal enzyme that catalyses the reaction of 2-monoacylglycerol and acyl-CoA to form coenzyme A and 1,2-diacylglycerol.

Monoacylglycerol lipase, an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of monoacylglycerol to produce a fatty acid anion and glycerol; a part of lipid degradation.


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Proteolysis of protease

first the acyl bond with one fatty acid is hydrolyzed, yeilding diacylglycerol. then a second bond is hydrolyzed, yielding monoacylglycerol. then the third one, and you are left with glycerol and 3 free fatty acid molecules

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by MrMistery
Sun Mar 01, 2009 2:51 pm
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Proteolysis of protease
Replies: 5
Views: 5290

Re: Proteolysis of protease

... protease? I have another question though. Our teacher told us that triglycerides (found in ordinary milk) are hydrolyzed into monoacylglycerid [or monoacylglycerol maybe?] + 2 fatty acids by pancreatin; however, in a biochemistry book and on the internet it says that triglycerides are hydrolyzed ...

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by CATIII
Tue Feb 24, 2009 7:27 pm
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Proteolysis of protease
Replies: 5
Views: 5290


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