This includes processes for cell growth, reproduction, response to environment, survival mechanisms, sustenance, and maintenance of cell structure and integrity. It is made up of two categories: catabolism and anabolism.
Word origin: metabolic < metabolism: from Greek metabolē, change, from metaballein, to change : meta-, meta- + ballein, to throw.
Related terms: intermediary metabolism, secondary metabolism, fat metabolism, carbohydrate metabolism, energy metabolism, inborn error of metabolism, respiratory metabolism, oxidative metabolism, destructive metabolism, constructive metabolism.
Synonym: metabolic pathway.