Dictionary » L » Law of Segregation

Law of Segregation



Gregor Mendel's law stating that paired alleles separate during gamete formation. Consequently, each gamete would contain only one copy of every paired unit factors.


This theory was found true when meiosis was extensively delineated in the following years. During anaphase II of meiosis, the genes on the homologous chromosomes separate as the homologous chromosomes move apart from each other toward the opposite sides of the dividing cell.

The Law of Segregation holds that the zygote formed from the union of gametes from its parents during fertilization contain unit factors (now called genes) are pure or remained uncontaminated from the time that the zygote is formed through the time that it grows and develops toward maturity. At the time that the offspring produces its own gametes, members of these paired unit factors segregate from one another and enter independently into the newly formed gametes.


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Need some help segregation - independent assortment!!!

All diploid organisms have a pair of alleles for a particular trait. These alleles are present on homologous chromosomes. Segregation means that these alleles are separated during gamete formation and there is only one allele in a gamete, not both. Independent assortment states that ...

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by supersapien
Fri Nov 29, 2013 2:36 am
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Need some help segregation - independent assortment!!!
Replies: 1
Views: 4151

Need some help segregation - independent assortment!!!

How does the segregation of genes on the same chromosome differ from independent assortment of genes on different chromosomes??? If some one could help it would be grand :)

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by fernac13
Thu Nov 28, 2013 4:23 pm
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Need some help segregation - independent assortment!!!
Replies: 1
Views: 4151


... of crossing over occuring in meiosis I in each of the cells and the fact that each of the cells is already different because of the independent segregation in anaphase I. If crossing over was exactly the same in every cell in meiosis I and there was no independent segregation, then we could ...

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by leeroykincaid
Tue Apr 23, 2013 8:40 am
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: independent assortment
Replies: 2
Views: 5754

Re: Animal cell nucleus shape changes

... contents of the nucleus of a cell. As the cell prepares to divide i.e. enters mitosis or meiosis. Chromatin packages more tightly to facilitate segregation of the chromosomes during anaphase.

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by andrewpasha
Fri Nov 16, 2012 2:59 pm
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Animal cell nucleus shape changes
Replies: 7
Views: 12221

Genetics Homeworkkk!!! PLEASE HELP

... help with this problem: How many different gametes does tetrahybrid create if two locuses are totally tied and other two locuses have independent segregation? How many genotips can that tetrahybrid give with self-fertilization? I am not sure if I translated that right but I hope you will understand ...

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by runaway
Sat Nov 03, 2012 9:33 pm
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Genetics Homeworkkk!!! PLEASE HELP
Replies: 5
Views: 5134
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