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Intestine

Definition

noun, plural: intestines

(1) The segment of the alimentary canal, starting from the pylorus of stomach to the anus

(2) The portion in the animal digestive tube where food passes through immediately after the stomach


Supplement

In humans, the intestines are divided into two segments:

The major functions of the intestines include digestion of food, absorption, and reabsorption of water and some electrolytes.


Word origin: Latin intestīna (intestines), from intestīnus (internal), from intus (within)

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drink water, orange juice or Cola before eating?

... lead to more acid production by parietal cells. Another possibility is that excess water is rapidly absorbed to the blood or passed to the small intestine.

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by josem
Fri Jun 27, 2014 6:06 pm
 
Forum: Physiology
Topic: drink water, orange juice or Cola before eating?
Replies: 16
Views: 36262

G.I. Problems from Antibiotic Use

The OP mentioned "taking tetracycline," which obviously means pills. An antibiotic is probably fully absorbed in the small intestine; then it enters the blood and from there reaches all the tissues, more or less, including the colonic wall and bacteria attached to it. This is why ...

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by boron
Sat Nov 09, 2013 3:32 pm
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: G.I. Problems from Antibiotic Use
Replies: 11
Views: 4099

un even development of muscle

... have assymmetry on the anatomical and physiological level 1. heart is always in the left or one side 2. Organs like spleen, liver and looping of intestine is always on the one side right or left 3. even human brain has right and left assymmetry, they divide tasks 4. At the functional level, right ...

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by balamurugan3
Fri Aug 09, 2013 2:01 pm
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: un even development of muscle
Replies: 4
Views: 2697

cellular mechanisms that result in symptoms of cholera

... This results in constitutive cAMP production, which in turn leads to secretion of H2O, Na+, K+, Cl−, and HCO3− into the lumen of the small intestine and rapid dehydration. The gene encoding the cholera toxin is introduced into V. cholerae by horizontal gene transfer. Virulent strains of ...

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by adithya528
Tue Dec 11, 2012 1:49 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: cellular mechanisms that result in symptoms of cholera
Replies: 4
Views: 5043

cellular mechanisms that result in symptoms of cholera

... for the main symptom of cholera, which is secretory diarrhea. More specifically, CT is an A-B5 subunit-type exotoxin released in the small intestine, but I can't really find how specific cellular mechanisms that cause this and other symptoms (nausea, dehydration, vomiting, muscle cramps). ...

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by tesla93
Mon Nov 19, 2012 9:59 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: cellular mechanisms that result in symptoms of cholera
Replies: 4
Views: 5043
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