Dictionary » I » Intestine



noun, plural: intestines

(1) The segment of the alimentary canal, starting from the pylorus of stomach to the anus

(2) The portion in the animal digestive tube where food passes through immediately after the stomach


In humans, the intestines are divided into two segments:

The major functions of the intestines include digestion of food, absorption, and reabsorption of water and some electrolytes.

Word origin: Latin intestīna (intestines), from intestīnus (internal), from intus (within)

Also called:

See also:

Mentioned in:

Please contribute to this project, if you have more information about this term feel free to edit this page

Results from our forum

G.I. Problems from Antibiotic Use

The OP mentioned "taking tetracycline," which obviously means pills. An antibiotic is probably fully absorbed in the small intestine; then it enters the blood and from there reaches all the tissues, more or less, including the colonic wall and bacteria attached to it. This is why ...

See entire post
by boron
Sat Nov 09, 2013 3:32 pm
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: G.I. Problems from Antibiotic Use
Replies: 11
Views: 1786

un even development of muscle

... have assymmetry on the anatomical and physiological level 1. heart is always in the left or one side 2. Organs like spleen, liver and looping of intestine is always on the one side right or left 3. even human brain has right and left assymmetry, they divide tasks 4. At the functional level, right ...

See entire post
by balamurugan3
Fri Aug 09, 2013 2:01 pm
Forum: Genetics
Topic: un even development of muscle
Replies: 4
Views: 1453

cellular mechanisms that result in symptoms of cholera

... This results in constitutive cAMP production, which in turn leads to secretion of H2O, Na+, K+, Cl−, and HCO3− into the lumen of the small intestine and rapid dehydration. The gene encoding the cholera toxin is introduced into V. cholerae by horizontal gene transfer. Virulent strains of ...

See entire post
by adithya528
Tue Dec 11, 2012 1:49 pm
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: cellular mechanisms that result in symptoms of cholera
Replies: 4
Views: 3837

cellular mechanisms that result in symptoms of cholera

... for the main symptom of cholera, which is secretory diarrhea. More specifically, CT is an A-B5 subunit-type exotoxin released in the small intestine, but I can't really find how specific cellular mechanisms that cause this and other symptoms (nausea, dehydration, vomiting, muscle cramps). ...

See entire post
by tesla93
Mon Nov 19, 2012 9:59 pm
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: cellular mechanisms that result in symptoms of cholera
Replies: 4
Views: 3837

Re: B12 absorption/intrinsic factor

Oh since we are in the small intestine I have guess maybe enterocytes. The complexes are broken once it gets taken. From blood it goes to a lot of places, oh like your CNS first example.

See entire post
by david23
Tue Sep 11, 2012 12:45 am
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: B12 absorption/intrinsic factor
Replies: 4
Views: 3976
View all matching forum results

This page was last modified 21:22, 19 January 2011. This page has been accessed 7,034 times. 
What links here | Related changes | Permanent link