Dictionary » I » Inhibitory postsynaptic potential

Inhibitory postsynaptic potential

Definition

noun

A type of postsynaptic potential where the binding of neurotransmitters with the postsynaptic receptors causes the opening of ion channels which results in hyperpolarization (or the net gain of negative charge across the membrane) thus the firing of an action potential from the postsynaptic cell is less likely.


Supplement

In general, the resting potential of a neuron is about -70mV and the firing threshold of an action potential is about -50mV. When there is a net gain of negative charge across the membrane of a postsynaptic neuron, the potential moves further to zero or away from the firing threshold. Hence, the postsynaptic potential is inhibitory since the probability to fire an action potential is reduced.


Abbreviation: IPSP

Compare: excitatory postsynaptic potential


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Please help me to answer these questions

... 1.Explain how the axonal resting membrane potentials is restored following action potential ... if action potentials will be generated by a postsynaptic neuron that receives both excitatory and inhibitory input? Any help is appreciated. Thanks.

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by Vangeek
Sat Sep 27, 2008 11:29 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Please help me to answer these questions
Replies: 4
Views: 4190


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