(1) A deciduous tree that is about 8 to 18 m in height, with simple, subsessile leaves set along the spreading branches from a crooked trunk. Its flowers are greenish-yellow and fruits are spherical, light greenish yellow, with six vertical stripes or furrows. This plant species belongs to genus Phyllanthus of the family Phyllanthaceae, of the Class Magnoliopsida.
The plant contains high levels of tannin that serves as a mordant for fixing dyes in fabrics. The plant is also used in making shampoos and hair oils. In Hinduism, the plant is regarded as a sacred tree worshipped as Mother Earth.
Scientific name: Phyllanthus emblica
Other common names:
- amalaka (Sanskrit)
- amla (Hindi)
- amlaki (Bengali)
- usiri (Telugu)