Dictionary » H » Hydroxylation



Hydroxylate, to introduce hydroxyl into (a compound or radical) usually by replacement of hydrogen.

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... for the function or regulation of a protein; for example, the carboxylation of glutamate allows for better binding of calcium cations, and the hydroxylation of proline is critical for maintaining connective tissues and responding to oxygen starvation. Such modifications can also determine the ...

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by oncolozist
Mon Feb 19, 2007 7:29 pm
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Protein-biomolecules
Replies: 4
Views: 6541

The Fiber Disease

... | Formylation | Myristoylation | Pyroglutamate C-terminus: Amidation | Glycosyl phosphatidylinositol (GPI) Lysine: Methylation | Acetylation | Hydroxylation | Ubiquitination | SUMOylation | Desmosine Cysteine: Disulfide bond | Prenylation | Palmitoylation Serine/Threonine: Phosphorylation | ...

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by Skytroll
Wed Oct 04, 2006 2:39 am
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: The Fiber Disease
Replies: 7403
Views: 6246289

manufacture of neurotransmitters

... Then DOPA is decarboxylized by DOPA decarboxylase to yield dopamine. Serotonin is made from tryptophan in the following way: first there's a hydroxylation by tryptophan - 5 - hydroxylase. Then the product is decarboxylized to yield serotonin.

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by sdekivit
Wed Aug 03, 2005 6:26 pm
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: manufacture of neurotransmitters
Replies: 1
Views: 2866

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