Dictionary » H » Hydrolytic enzyme

Hydrolytic enzyme

Definition

noun, plural: hydrolytic enzymes

Any of the enzymes or catalysts that act and behave like a hydrolase.


Supplement

In biochemistry, a hydrolase is an enzyme that speeds up the hydrolysis of a chemical bond. For instance, a hydrolytic enzyme acts on the following reaction:

A–B + H2O → A–OH + B–H

These enzymes catalyze the hydrolysis of a chemical bond of a compound such as proteins, nucleic acids, starch, fats, phosphate esters, and other macromolecular substances.

Word origin: hydrolysis: Gk, comb. form of hýdōr, water +Gk lytikós able to loosen; enzyme: Gk. enzymos "leavened," from en- "in" + zyme "leaven".

Synonym: hydrolase.
See also: hydrolysis.


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Results from our forum


The Fiber Disease

... This question can be examined from the perspective of the cellulase enzymes themselves and from that of the microorganism responsible for synthesizing the enzyme and utilizing the hydrolytic products. For enzymatic hydrolysis of natural celluloses, several determinants ...

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by Nadas Moksha
Wed Dec 20, 2006 9:34 pm
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: The Fiber Disease
Replies: 7403
Views: 5419990

lysosomes

lysosome keef, not lysozyme. lysozyme is the name of an enzyme. I think keef is correct, he tried to explain this: Lysozyme is lyso some's hydrolytic en zyme Yes, lysosome is ONE of those vesicles.

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by Dr.Stein
Thu Oct 12, 2006 5:39 am
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: lysosomes
Replies: 14
Views: 10202

The Fiber Disease

... peptides useful as substrates for the detection and determination of enzymes having a hydrolytic action and methods for detecting and determining enzymes with such peptides. when ...

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by Nadas Moksha
Tue Aug 29, 2006 9:36 am
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: The Fiber Disease
Replies: 7403
Views: 5419990

lisozym

lysosomes r organels of a cell they have in them many kinds if enzymes which r hydrolytic .they from either from golgi bodies or endo plasmic reticulam. which carry these enzyme ...

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by raju
Sat Apr 15, 2006 2:36 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: lisozym
Replies: 11
Views: 5657

lysosome

would anyone please explain to me why the hydrolytic enzyme inside lysosome would not self-digest the cell membrane of lysosome Thank you

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by mkw743
Sat Oct 29, 2005 2:31 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: lysosome
Replies: 7
Views: 4181
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