Golgi apparatus

Definition

noun

(1) An organelle found in most eukaryotic cells identified in 1898 by the Italian physician Camilo Golgi.

(2) One of the components of the GERL complex.


Supplement

Structure: composed of membrane-bound stacks known as cisternae Functions: involved in glycosylation (i.e. adding carbohydrate to a protein), packaging of molecules like proteins into vesicles for secretion, transport of lipids around the cell, and the creation of lysosomes


Word origin: From Camillo Golgi Italian physician and scientist.

Synonym: Golgi body, Golgi vesicles, dictyosome (in plants), parabasal body (in flagellate protozoa).
See also: organelles.


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