Dictionary » G » Glycocalyx

Glycocalyx

Definition

noun, plural: glycocalyses

(1) The outer layer usually made up of bound polysaccharides on the cell surface and superficial layer of unbound proteoglycans and glycoproteins

(2) Sugar coat surrounding the cell wall of bacterium, as bacterial capsule or slime layer in various bacterial cells


Supplement

The various functions of glycocalyx of a cell includes the following:


Word origin: Greek glykýs (sweet) + Greek kalux (shell)

See also:


Please contribute to this project, if you have more information about this term feel free to edit this page



Results from our forum


Glycocalyx

I'm an AS-lvl student here, I received a question from my text book, it says "Why is glycocalyx only found on the extracellular of the cell surface membrane?" should I answer it like: cause glycocalyx can't be formed on the intracellular cell surface membrane ...

See entire post
by gqh
Sun May 13, 2012 12:07 am
 
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Glycocalyx
Replies: 2
Views: 4020

Glycocalyx

Glycocalyx is only found in the extracellular matrix of cells attaching to the proteins or lipids of a plasma membrane, right? however, out of curiosity, may I know why it isn't found in the intracellular cytoplasm of a cell? ...

See entire post
by gqh
Sat May 12, 2012 8:27 am
 
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Glycocalyx
Replies: 2
Views: 4020

Prokaryotic Cell Question

... dessication (drying out)? A. pili B. plasma membrane C. nucleus D. cell wall Alright. So, I KNOW it isn't A or C. I'm struggling because I assumed glycocalyx would be an option, considering the main function of the glycocalyx is to trap water and help protect bacteria from drying out. Sweet. That's ...

See entire post
by kneecoal
Sun Feb 12, 2012 9:44 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Prokaryotic Cell Question
Replies: 5
Views: 5318

Extracellular matrix

this should help: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycocalyx

See entire post
by canalon
Sat Mar 08, 2008 5:00 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Extracellular matrix
Replies: 3
Views: 3258

Extracellular matrix

... basal lamina is the basement membrane? What are support tissue? Another Question: In animal cells, Cell membrane layer (outer most layer) then the glycocalyx ( middle layer) then the matrix Is this the right order? Or just give your own explanation if my information. Just tell where I am wrong?

See entire post
by merge
Sat Mar 08, 2008 12:43 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Extracellular matrix
Replies: 3
Views: 3258
View all matching forum results

This page was last modified 09:53, 27 August 2011. This page has been accessed 35,593 times. 
What links here | Related changes | Permanent link