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Genome

Definition

noun, plural: genomes

(1) The complete set of genes in an organism.

(2) The total genetic content in one set of chromosomes.


Supplement

The genome of eukaryotes is contained in a single, haploid set of chromosomes. The genome of bacteria is contained in a single chromosome whereas the genome of viruses is in the DNA or RNA.

The human genome is made up of approximately 35000 genes, or three billion chemical base pairs.

Word origin: a portmanteau of the words gene and chromosome.
Related forms: genomic (adjective), genomics (noun), genomewide (adjective).
Related phrases: Human Genome Project, mitochondrial genome.
Compare: proteome.
See also: genes, DNA.


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An Overview of Embryonic Stem Cells

... on many fields of research over the last 20 years. Specially, ES cells can be used to reconstitute early mouse embryos, forming the basis of genome manipulation technology used to produce hundreds of ‘knock out’ and ‘knock in’ transgenic animals for the investigation of gene expression and ...

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by 2444256703
Thu Jan 29, 2015 6:48 am
 
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History of NIH DNA policies

... research breakthrough that was the tipping point for instituting privacy measures? I just read an ethics paper called "Privacy and the Human Genome Project" by Wiesenthal and Wiener, and it appears everything was coming to a head at the time the policies were created. The combination ...

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by vacuuum
Tue Jan 20, 2015 9:08 pm
 
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Topic: History of NIH DNA policies
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Cancer = Mutation: Stopping Mutation Would Cure Cancer?

... and thus mainly affect fast growing cells who are constantly dividing. Irradiation does this mostly by introducing so many errors to the cell's genome that it fails the mitosis and dies. Chemotherapeutic agents have various ways of action, but they all aim to impair mitosis and thus kill fast ...

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Re: Purpose of a primase/polymerase localized to the cytosol?

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by Hrushikesh
Fri Dec 12, 2014 8:40 pm
 
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Re: Gene Products

I prefer NCBI (just a matter of taste) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/505?genome_assembly_id=167130 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/505

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by sosippus
Wed Sep 24, 2014 8:23 pm
 
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Gene Products
Replies: 2
Views: 2149
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