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Genome

Definition

noun, plural: genomes

(1) The complete set of genes in an organism.

(2) The total genetic content in one set of chromosomes.


Supplement

The genome of eukaryotes is contained in a single, haploid set of chromosomes. The genome of bacteria is contained in a single chromosome whereas the genome of viruses is in the DNA or RNA.

The human genome is made up of approximately 35000 genes, or three billion chemical base pairs.

Word origin: a portmanteau of the words gene and chromosome.
Related forms: genomic (adjective), genomics (noun), genomewide (adjective).
Related phrases: Human Genome Project, mitochondrial genome.
Compare: proteome.
See also: genes, DNA.


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Re: Purpose of a primase/polymerase localized to the cytosol?

... It might be helping maintain proper levels of environmentally uptaken DNA e.g. via transformation, for successful establishment (integration into genome and maintaining enough copy number) & functioning of the uptaken DNA in those ancient bacteria ( we should check for such a homolog in bacteria ...

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by Hrushikesh
Fri Dec 12, 2014 8:40 pm
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Purpose of a primase/polymerase localized to the cytosol?
Replies: 1
Views: 459

Re: Gene Products

I prefer NCBI (just a matter of taste) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/505?genome_assembly_id=167130 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/505

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by sosippus
Wed Sep 24, 2014 8:23 pm
 
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Gene Products
Replies: 2
Views: 1602

Chromosome Differences

... the course of evolution. We can see chromosomes number is usually increased from lower to higher eukaryotes or lower to higher complexity of genome.

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by josem
Wed Sep 03, 2014 8:47 pm
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Chromosome Differences
Replies: 5
Views: 1954

Bioinformatics Hands-On NGS Data Analysis Workshops 2014

... on DNA Methylation Analysis where Helene Kretzschmer will show you how she took care of her data in the MMML-Seq study of the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC). Lastly, there is the workshop Discovering standard and non-standard RNA transcripts where Gero Doose will train you on advanced ...

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by ecSeq
Mon Jul 07, 2014 2:54 pm
 
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Bioinformatics Hands-On NGS Data Analysis Workshops 2014
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Views: 2010

Re:

... far as unlearned reactions to predators are concerned [actually, unlearned by the individual but obviously learned by the species and added to the genome]), by which he meant that at birth the mind is a "clean slate", a blank page. Good Day piscilatovegetarian - I am not rejecting the ...

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by Gannet
Sun Mar 02, 2014 3:40 pm
 
Forum: Zoology Discussion
Topic: Are predators always smarter than their prey?
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