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Genome

Definition

noun, plural: genomes

(1) The complete set of genes in an organism.

(2) The total genetic content in one set of chromosomes.


Supplement

The genome of eukaryotes is contained in a single, haploid set of chromosomes. The genome of bacteria is contained in a single chromosome whereas the genome of viruses is in the DNA or RNA.

The human genome is made up of approximately 35000 genes, or three billion chemical base pairs.

Word origin: a portmanteau of the words gene and chromosome.
Related forms: genomic (adjective), genomics (noun), genomewide (adjective).
Related phrases: Human Genome Project, mitochondrial genome.
Compare: proteome.
See also: genes, DNA.


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Results from our forum


History of NIH DNA policies

... research breakthrough that was the tipping point for instituting privacy measures? I just read an ethics paper called "Privacy and the Human Genome Project" by Wiesenthal and Wiener, and it appears everything was coming to a head at the time the policies were created. The combination ...

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by vacuuum
Tue Jan 20, 2015 9:08 pm
 
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: History of NIH DNA policies
Replies: 0
Views: 100

Cancer = Mutation: Stopping Mutation Would Cure Cancer?

... and thus mainly affect fast growing cells who are constantly dividing. Irradiation does this mostly by introducing so many errors to the cell's genome that it fails the mitosis and dies. Chemotherapeutic agents have various ways of action, but they all aim to impair mitosis and thus kill fast ...

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by alieen
Sat Dec 20, 2014 5:10 am
 
Forum: Physiology
Topic: Cancer = Mutation: Stopping Mutation Would Cure Cancer?
Replies: 7
Views: 13537

Re: Purpose of a primase/polymerase localized to the cytosol?

... It might be helping maintain proper levels of environmentally uptaken DNA e.g. via transformation, for successful establishment (integration into genome and maintaining enough copy number) & functioning of the uptaken DNA in those ancient bacteria ( we should check for such a homolog in bacteria ...

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by Hrushikesh
Fri Dec 12, 2014 8:40 pm
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Purpose of a primase/polymerase localized to the cytosol?
Replies: 2
Views: 967

Re: Gene Products

I prefer NCBI (just a matter of taste) http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/505?genome_assembly_id=167130 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genome/505

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by sosippus
Wed Sep 24, 2014 8:23 pm
 
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Gene Products
Replies: 2
Views: 1846

Chromosome Differences

... the course of evolution. We can see chromosomes number is usually increased from lower to higher eukaryotes or lower to higher complexity of genome.

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by josem
Wed Sep 03, 2014 8:47 pm
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Chromosome Differences
Replies: 5
Views: 2464
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