Eukaryotic cells


noun, singular: eukaryotic cell

Cells of or derived from eukaryote characterized by having a distinct, membrane-bound nucleus.


Examples of eukaryotic organisms are animals, plants, fungi and protists. Their cells are organized into compartmentalized structures such as nucleus, mitochondria, chloroplasts, and Golgi bodies. Their cells may possess a type of flagella whose microtubules are arranged in 9+2.

Word origin: Greek, eu = good-, well-, true + karuon = nut.
Also spelled as: eucaryotic .
Compare: prokaryotic cell.
See also: cell, nucleus, nuclear membrane.

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