a country of eastern africa, west of the red sea. In ancient times, it formed a part of many kingdoms at different periods. Its capital is asmara. Under italian rule from 1869 to 1890 and under the british as a protectorate until 1952, it was federated with ethiopia in 1952 and was made one of its provinces in 1962. In 1991 eritrea was established as a de facto independent state and became fully independent in 1993. The name eritrea alludes to its location near the red sea since it comes from the greek erythros, red.
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it began in eritrea/djibouti in east africa. the channel across the red sea to asia is narrow here and this is how we spread. from there most parts of the globe are accessible.
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