Dictionary » C » Conjugation

Conjugation

Definition

noun, plural: conjugations

(biology)

(1) The process whereby two ciliates come together in a temporary fusion to exchange micronuclear material, then separate, each being a fertilized cell.

(2) A form of sexual reproduction in certain algae and fungi where a male gamete unites with a female gamete resulting in the union of their nuclei and the subsequent formation of a zygote.

(3) The temporary joining together of two bacterial cells to transfer genetic material via the plasmid (either as solitary or as part of a chromosome) from the donor cell to the recipient cell.

(chemistry)

(1) The joining together of two compounds resulting in the formation of another compound, such as the conjugation of a toxic compound with another compound in the body to detoxify and eliminate it.

(2) A system of delocalized orbitals consisting of alternating single bonds and multiple bonds.

(general) The act or state of joining together; union; conjunction.


Supplement

Bacterial conjugation is a beneficial process in bacteria since they can acquire a gene that confers survival or a novel characteristic which enables them to thrive in harmful conditions or to utilize a new metabolite. It is through this process that resistance to antibiotics can be transferred from one bacterial cell to another.


Word origin: From Latin coniugātiō (“‘combining, connecting; conjugation’”), from coniugō (“‘join, unite together’”), from con- (“‘with’”) + iugō (“‘join, bind, connect’”).
Related forms: conjugational (adjective)

Related terms:


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Re: Any ideas for vaccine development or anti-viral drugs???

... relationship evaluations were conducted to assess enhancement of antiviral efficacy associated with PMO chemical modifications that included conjugation with peptides of variable length and composition, positioning of conjugated peptides to either the 5' or 3' terminus, and charge modifications ...

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by jonmoulton
Mon Sep 15, 2014 3:04 pm
 
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Any ideas for vaccine development or anti-viral drugs???
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Views: 476

Viruses VS Bacteria

... me know if I'm on the right track. 1. Viruses are non-living whereas bacteria are not. 2. Bacteria can reproduce themselves via binary fission, conjugation, or endospores, while viruses need a host cell, be able to attach to it and then take over the cell and its metabolism. Thanks in advance ...

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by Zin
Mon Sep 10, 2012 7:07 pm
 
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Concept Map Help

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by Layd33foxx
Tue Mar 13, 2012 3:47 am
 
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Re: Lateral Flow Assay

... long? A friend did IgE aptamer that was under 50 NT and got it to work (she used FITC with her antibodies though). Hopefully you are assessing the conjugation before you start the assay. Can you check how the tethering went?

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by jonmoulton
Thu Mar 08, 2012 6:55 pm
 
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Need help in Micro!

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Thu Feb 09, 2012 7:36 pm
 
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