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Common peroneal nerve

Common peroneal nerve

(Science: anatomy, nerve) One of the terminal divisions of the sciatic nerve, diverging from the tibial nerve at the upper end of the popliteal fossa, then coursing with the biceps tendon along the lateral portion of the popliteal space to wind around the neck of the fibula where it divides into the superficial and deep peroneal nerves. The common peroneal nerve, or its deep branch, is the most commonly injured nerve, being located in a lateral subcutaneous position at the fibular neck; a lesion causes a loss of ability to dorsiflex the foot (foot drop).

Synonym: nervus fibularis communis, nervus peroneus communis, common fibular nerve, lateral popliteal nerve.


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