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Colony

Definition

noun, plural: colonies

(biology) Several individual organisms (especially of the same species) living together in close association.

(cell culture) A cluster of identical cells (clones) on the surface of (or within) a solid medium, usually derived from a single parent cell, as in bacterial colony.


Supplement

In biology, typical examples of colonies are insect colonies. For example, an ant colony is comprised of ants that live closely together due to mutual benefits, such as to make stronger defense.

Single-celled organisms can also form colonies, as coenobium is a colony of single-celled Volvox species.

Bacteria form colonies when grown in a solid medium. The colony is actually (and ideally) a group of bacterial clones since they are all derived from only a single parent cell.


Word origin: from Latin colonia
Related forms: colonial (adjective)

Related terms:


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Science vs. Science Fiction, non-scientist needs help

... starting point for the fictional bacteria featured in my book. In my next book, my explorers encounter a wet cavern on Mars which has a bacterial colony growing in it. This colony has evolved to form a kind of collective intelligence. They consume iron. For the purposes of story telling, I made ...

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by MOrenda
Wed Aug 20, 2014 6:45 am
 
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Science vs. Science Fiction, non-scientist needs help
Replies: 1
Views: 465

Re: Help! ANT COLLONY!! I have a QUEEN ANT --- now what?

... now I feel I won't be too upset if they don't survive, as they are an introduced species here in Australia. But I do hope they grow into a proper colony; that would be pretty cool.

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by Waylah
Tue Jun 17, 2014 8:40 am
 
Forum: Zoology Discussion
Topic: Help! ANT COLLONY!! I have a QUEEN ANT --- now what?
Replies: 2
Views: 1433

Help! ANT COLLONY!! I have a QUEEN ANT --- now what?

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by Tricho
Mon Jun 16, 2014 3:48 am
 
Forum: Zoology Discussion
Topic: Help! ANT COLLONY!! I have a QUEEN ANT --- now what?
Replies: 2
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Please answer: Group selection and Sociobiology

... became politically very incorrect. Rejecting group selection means saying that, in colonial species, the interactions and subgroups within the colony are irrelevant to the continuation of the group.

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by Darby
Tue Feb 25, 2014 5:48 pm
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: Please answer: Group selection and Sociobiology
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Newbie question about the first life

... (chemical factories) it harbors. Maybe a mitochondrion was first, then there were more and they got together loosely and founded a sort of colony and eventually some of them created the first cell.ยป I am wondering, what kind of chemical processes do they suggest could have made the first ...

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by Anonymous99
Sat Feb 22, 2014 5:01 pm
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Newbie question about the first life
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