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Colony

Definition

noun, plural: colonies

(biology) Several individual organisms (especially of the same species) living together in close association.

(cell culture) A cluster of identical cells (clones) on the surface of (or within) a solid medium, usually derived from a single parent cell, as in bacterial colony.


Supplement

In biology, typical examples of colonies are insect colonies. For example, an ant colony is comprised of ants that live closely together due to mutual benefits, such as to make stronger defense.

Single-celled organisms can also form colonies, as coenobium is a colony of single-celled Volvox species.

Bacteria form colonies when grown in a solid medium. The colony is actually (and ideally) a group of bacterial clones since they are all derived from only a single parent cell.


Word origin: from Latin colonia
Related forms: colonial (adjective)

Related terms:


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Please answer: Group selection and Sociobiology

... became politically very incorrect. Rejecting group selection means saying that, in colonial species, the interactions and subgroups within the colony are irrelevant to the continuation of the group.

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by Darby
Tue Feb 25, 2014 5:48 pm
 
Forum: Human Biology
Topic: Please answer: Group selection and Sociobiology
Replies: 1
Views: 135

Newbie question about the first life

... (chemical factories) it harbors. Maybe a mitochondrion was first, then there were more and they got together loosely and founded a sort of colony and eventually some of them created the first cell.ยป I am wondering, what kind of chemical processes do they suggest could have made the first ...

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by Anonymous99
Sat Feb 22, 2014 5:01 pm
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Newbie question about the first life
Replies: 14
Views: 710

Newbie question about the first life

... (chemical factories) it harbors. Maybe a mitochondrion was first, then there were more and they got together loosely and founded a sort of colony and eventually some of them created the first cell. I've heard about the "primordial soup", but it's the first time I see someone calling ...

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by piscilactovegetarian
Sat Feb 22, 2014 8:37 am
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: Newbie question about the first life
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Mechanism behind Cyanobacterial Cryptobiosis?

Cyanobacteria seem able to, as a colony at least, undergo some form of cryptobiosis (well enough to survive 553 days in the vacuum of space). The only information I can find on the mechanism(s) behind this feet are that they form something ...

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by NMLevesque
Fri Nov 22, 2013 5:54 pm
 
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Mechanism behind Cyanobacterial Cryptobiosis?
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Views: 516

Solving World Hunger with Aphid Farms

... world to embrace insects as a form of protein. The problem? Aside from the gross-out factor, they can be hard to catch, and when people do find a colony they rarely think to only take as much as the insects can produce, ensuring even those trying to take advantage of the protein we are literally ...

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by erialsneider
Sun Nov 03, 2013 12:13 pm
 
Forum: General Discussion
Topic: Solving World Hunger with Aphid Farms
Replies: 2
Views: 1131
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