Dictionary » C » Codon

Codon

Definition

noun

A set of three adjacent nucleotides, also called triplet, in mRNA that base-pair with the corresponding aniticodon of tRNA molecule that carries a particular amino acid, hence, specifying the type and sequence of amino acids for protein synthesis.


Supplement

For example:

GCC (Guanine-Cytocine-Cytocine) → alanine GUU (Guanine-Uracil-Uracil) → valine CUA (Cytosine-Uracil-Adenine) → leucine UCA (Uracil-Cytosine-Adenine) → serine


Related terms: ambiguous codon, start codon, stop codon.

Synonym: coding triplet.
Compare: anticodon.
See also: pyrimidine, purine.


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... agents to combat filoviral infections. Previously we have shown that mice treated with a PMO complementary to a region spanning the start codon of VP24 mRNA were protected against lethal Ebolavirus challenge. In the present study, we report on the ability of two additional VP24-specific ...

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What makes dominant allele dominant?

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Gene cloning question

You replace one ATG with another, don't you? However if I were you, I'd be rather concerned about the start codon of the N-terminal fusion.

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Re: Gene cloning question

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Re: Please help me figure this out

Look up these terms in your textbook's glossary & index: codon, frameshift. If that doesn't explain it clearly enough to make sense, try searching the terms in wikipedia. Then go back to the question again.

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by jonmoulton
Tue Oct 29, 2013 10:03 pm
 
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