Amputations as a surgical measure are used to control pain or disease in an affected limb. One of the common causes for amputation of a limb is gangrene. Gangrene is a localized death and decomposition of an affected tissue due to an obstruction in blood circulation and/or bacterial infection. Certain animals, such as starfish, hydras, and flatworms, are capable of re-growing missing body parts. However, most animals and humans cannot re-grow missing limbs when amputated. Nevertheless, there are cases wherein an amputated extremity can still be successfully reattached. The different types of amputations based on the type of injury are (1) guillotine amputation, (2) crushing amputation, and (3) degloving. 1 A guillotine amputation is a surgical amputation that is performed where the muscles being similar divided higher up and the bone higher still. An example is below- (or above-) knee amputation.
- circular amputation
1 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS),, American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP),, Alton L. Thygerson, Steven M. Thygerson. (2011). Advanced First Aid, CPR, and AED. MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers.