noun, plural: cell divisions
The term is commonly used interchangeably with mitosis, a process comprised of karyokinesis and cytokinesis resulting in two genetically identical cells. Nevertheless, cell division is not exclusive to mitosis; it is also happening in meiosis, which, in comparison, is a process giving rise to cells with unidentical genetic material. Thus, cell division is a biological process involved in growth and reproduction of various organisms.
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The DNA is never connected into a long single molecule in human cells. The DNA remains distributed into the 23 pairs of chromosomes (plus the ... chromosomes separate as a collection of different DNA strands during cell division, all without combining into a single DNA strand. Your genes are scattered ...
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