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Cell differentiation



The normal process by which a less specialized cell develops or matures to possess a more distinct form and function.


For example, a single-celled zygote develops into a multicellular embryo that further develops into a more complex multisystem of distinct cell types of a fetus. The cell size, shape, polarity, metabolism and responsiveness to signals change dramatically such that a less specialized cell becomes more specialized and acquires a more specific role.

Variant: cellular differentiation.

Compare: dedifferentiation.

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Stem Cells and Cell division?

Cell division demands lot of resources in the form of energy. Therefore, it is easy to have dedicated cells for division and differentiation. Therefore, normal cells can continue doing their tissue function whereas adult stem cells ...

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by supersapien
Sun Sep 28, 2014 7:20 pm
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: Stem Cells and Cell division?
Replies: 1
Views: 736

Re: Multicellular prokaryote

... the question comes down to a lack of definition of what we mean by multicellular and perhaps that more specificity is required in modern terminology ... membranous processes of eukaryotes promotes compartmentalization, differentiation, and importantly: endocystosis which allowed for the 'taking ...

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by thirdprometheus
Fri Nov 15, 2013 7:45 pm
Forum: Microbiology
Topic: Multicellular prokaryote
Replies: 27
Views: 27973

which mechanism triggers the first cell differentiation?

As far as i know , the cell differentiation is close related with two factors: time and location . As you know ,the differentiation began ...

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by summerliehu
Sun Oct 06, 2013 2:58 pm
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: which mechanism triggers the first cell differentiation?
Replies: 4
Views: 2923

Stem Cells

A stem cell has the potential to develop into different kind of cells depending on it's stage of differentiation and the signal it recieves. In vivo, a stem cell would definitely differentiate into it's neoghbouring ...

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by Fearnot
Sun Aug 18, 2013 8:15 am
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Stem Cells
Replies: 5
Views: 4916

Re: which mechanism triggers the first cell differentiation?

The cues comes from the combination of one or more factors, same cell, adjoining cells same or different and environment. After 'n' divisons at a time 't', the proteins responsible for cell specificaiton are produced later in the cell cylce after sufficient ...

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by balamurugan3
Wed Aug 07, 2013 9:44 pm
Forum: Cell Biology
Topic: which mechanism triggers the first cell differentiation?
Replies: 4
Views: 2923
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