Dictionary » B » Budding

Budding

Definition

noun

(biology) The formation of an outgrowth from an organism, and is capable of developing into a new individual; gemmation.

(botany)
(1) The state of forming or developing a bud.
(2) A form of grafting in which a bud of a plant is inserted or grafted into another plant.

(embryology) The process of embryo differentiation in which the old structures are formed in outgrowth from pre-existing parts.

(virology) The forming of a protrusion by certain viruses using a fragment of the host cell membrane in order to acquire their external envelope.

(general) That is beginning to develop; the state of producing buds.

adjective

Developing, flowering.


Supplement

Budding is a common process in plants and fungi. It also occurs in certain animals, particularly the Hydra (sponges). In sponges, the outgrowth (bud) stays attached permanently while in fungi the bud stays for a while, and then detaches to grow fully as a new individual. Budding is a form of asexual reproduction since the process results in the formation of new individual but is a clone of the primary organism.

In viruses, budding is their means to leave the cell while not causing lysis to their host cell. In this way, the remaining viruses can still propagate within the host cell.


Word origin: bud(d) + -ing
Related forms: bud (noun and verb)

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Re: siphonophores

... species that floats, the vast majority swim underwater. 1) The initial zooid arises from a fertilised egg, the rest of the colony is formed by budding which is a type of asexual reproduction. I have no idea the mechanisms behind HOW the zooids become specialised but I do know that zooids that ...

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by fumpledrumpskin
Sun Sep 15, 2013 3:08 pm
 
Forum: Zoology Discussion
Topic: siphonophores
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Views: 2084

HIS3-MX6 selective marker in S.cerevisiae

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by cathbr
Fri Jul 05, 2013 6:51 pm
 
Forum: Molecular Biology
Topic: HIS3-MX6 selective marker in S.cerevisiae
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Views: 748

Data analysis: DNA alignment HELP?

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by TToe
Mon Feb 18, 2013 10:40 am
 
Forum: Genetics
Topic: Data analysis: DNA alignment HELP?
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Curious about these fungi.

... a plastic cup with some old beer. I know they are likely Ascomycete and appear to exhibit some yeast like traits as far as the nuclear fission and budding, although they have some incredibly thick walls and there appears to be a lot of hyphae around as well, which could be some sort of interaction ...

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by keeblur
Sat Feb 09, 2013 12:14 am
 
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Topic: Curious about these fungi.
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A different approach to study entomology

Hello, I want to ask you advice about my idea. I'm a young budding entomologist, I study insects. I noticed that traditionally study entomology means building a collection, a necessary and useful stage to determinate the species. And here's the problem: ...

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by Myrmecia
Thu Aug 16, 2012 7:51 am
 
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