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Aspartate aminotransferase

Aspartate aminotransferase

(Science: enzyme) An enzyme present in hepatocytes and myocytes that catalyses the reversible transfer of an amine group from l-glutamic acid to oxaloacetic acid, forming alpha-ketoglutaric acid and l-aspartic acid.

It is raised in conditions that affect the heart and liver such as viral hepatitis and myocardial infarction. Following damage to these cells, the enzyme is released into the blood where the level can be measured.

Synonym: aspartate transaminase, glutamic-aspartic transaminase, glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase, serum glutamic-oxaloacetic transaminase.

Acronym: ast, sgot


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The Fiber Disease

... gi|1050302|gb|AAA87594 AT5G19570.1 expressed protein AT5G19550.1 aspartate aminotransferase, cytoplasmic isozyme 1 / transaminase A (ASP2), identical to SP|P46645 Aspartate ...

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by Nadas Moksha
Sun Aug 27, 2006 2:40 pm
 
Forum: Human Biology
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