Antiretroviral agents are used to manage or control infections caused by retroviruses, e.g. HIV. Examples are the protease inhibitors that inhibit the activity of protease used by the virus in viral assembly, fusion inhibitors that prevent the virus from binding and entering the host cell, and reverse transcriptase inhibitors that inhibit the activity of the enzyme reverse transcriptase.
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In 1984, after the confirmation of the etiological agent of AIDS by scientists at the U.S. National Institutes of Health and the ... with other approaches based upon antiviral treatments such as highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and social approaches such as safe sex prevention ...
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