Alkylation

Definition

noun

The process in which the alkyl group is added or substituted from one molecule to another.


Supplement

The alkyl group may be transferred as an alkyl carbonation, a free radical, etc., as in the reaction of alkenes with alkanes to make high-octane fuels.

Alkylation is also used in chemotherapy to kill the cancer cells by damaging DNA.


See also: alkylating agent


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